The Heller School For Social Policty And Management The Heller School For Social Policy and Management Brandeis University
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
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POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Population
Rankings
2000 2010 2012
Metro Area 1,500,788 1,555,908 1,566,981

Definition: Resident Population

Notes: Data are as of April 1, except 2012 data which are as of July 1.  Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Population by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010 2012
American Indian or Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) 6,917 6,632 6,916
Asian or Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) 32,105 46,619 49,417
Black (Non-Hispanic) 233,209 256,410 258,138
Hispanic 94,510 147,503 155,503
Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) 14,925 24,293 26,178
White (Non-Hispanic) 1,119,122 1,074,451 1,070,829

Definition: Resident population by race and ethnicity.

Notes: Data are as of April 1, except 2012 data which are as of July 1.  Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.  Hispanics may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of Population by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010 2012
Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) 1.0% 1.6% 1.7%
White (Non-Hispanic) 74.6% 69.1% 68.3%
American Indian or Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) 0.5% 0.4% 0.4%
Black (Non-Hispanic) 15.5% 16.5% 16.5%
Hispanic 6.3% 9.5% 9.9%
Asian or Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) 2.1% 3.0% 3.2%

Definition: Each racial/ethnic group's share of the total resident population.

Notes: Data are as of April 1, except 2012 data which are as of July 1.  Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.  Hispanics may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Percent Change in Population
Rankings
2000-2010
Metro Area 3.7%

Definition: Percent change in the resident population.

Notes: Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Percent Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity (2000-2010)
Rankings
Metro Area
American Indian or Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) -4.1%
Asian or Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) 45.2%
Black (Non-Hispanic) 9.9%
Hispanic 56.1%
Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) 62.8%
White (Non-Hispanic) -4.0%

Definition: Percent change in the resident population by race/ethnicity.

Notes: Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.  Hispanics may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of the Population that is Foreign-born
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 5.4%

Definition: Share of the Population that is Foreign-born

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of the Population that is Foreign-born by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Black 1.0%
Indian 2.1%
Asian/Pac. Islander 67.2%
Hispanic 30.2%
Non-Hispanic White 2.6%

Definition: Share of the Population that is Foreign-born

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of Population Speaking Non-English Language at Home
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 10.3%

Definition: Share of the population aged 5+ who report speaking a language other than English at home.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of Population Speaking Non-English Language at Home by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Black 3.6%
Indian 11.5%
Asian/Pac. Islander 81.1%
Hispanic 69.6%
Non-Hispanic White 5.2%

Definition: Share of the population aged 5+ who report speaking a language other than English at home.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
High Interest Rate Loans (2010) as Share of Home Purchase Loans by Race/Ethnicity (2010)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 1.6%
Non-Hispanic White 1.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 2.5%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 0.0%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 2.8%

Definition: Share of home purchase loans that have an APR (annual percentage rate) at least 1.5 percentage points higher than the estimated Average Prime Offer Rate for loans extended to  prime borrowers based on the rates reported by Freddie Mac in its Primary Mortgage Market Survey®.  This definition of high interest loans differs from that used prior to 2010. 

Notes:  Includes only originated, first-lien loans for owner-occupied, 1-4 family homes or manufactured homes. Race/ethnicity refers to the primary borrower.  Excludes data for metro areas with less than 20 loans for each race/ethnic group. Hispanics may be of any race. When borrower self identifies as more than one race, race category refers to first race specified.

Source: Analysis of Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
High Interest Rate Loans (2010) as Share of Home Purchase Loans by Race/Ethnicity and Income (2010)
Rankings
Low-Income Middle-Income Upper Income
Hispanic 1.0% 3.6% 1.6%
Non-Hispanic White 1.2% 0.7% 0.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 3.2% 1.0% 1.6%
Non-Hispanic American Indian
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 5.1% 0.0% 2.4%

Definition: Share of home purchase loans that have an APR (annual percentage rate) at least 1.5 percentage points higher than the estimated Average Prime Offer Rate for loans extended to  prime borrowers based on the rates reported by Freddie Mac in its Primary Mortgage Market Survey®.  This definition of high interest loans differs from that used prior to 2010. 

Notes: Includes only originated, first-lien loans for owner-occupied, 1-4 family homes or manufactured homes.  Excludes data for metro areas with less than 20 loans for each race-income group. Low-income borrowers had incomes below 80% of area median income. Middle-income borrowers had incomes of between 80% and 120% of area median income. Upper-income borrowers had incomes above 120% of area median income.   Race/ethnicity refers to the primary borrower. Hispanics may be of any race. When borrower self identifies as more than one race, race category refers to first race specified. 

Source: Analysis of Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
High Interest Rate Loans (2010) as Share of Home Purchase Loans by Neighborhood Racial/Ethnic Composition (2010)
Rankings
Metro Area
Predominantly Non-Hispanic White Neighborhood 0.9%
Mixed Neighborhood 1.5%
Predominantly Minority Neighborhood 4.7%

Definition: Share of home purchase loans that have an APR (annual percentage rate) at least 1.5 percentage points higher than the estimated Average Prime Offer Rate for loans extended to  prime borrowers based on the rates reported by Freddie Mac in its Primary Mortgage Market Survey®.  This definition of high interest loans differs from that used prior to 2010.

Notes: Includes only originated, first-lien loans for owner-occupied, 1-4 family homes or manufactured homes.  Excludes data for metro areas with less than 20 loans for each neighborhood type. Hispanics may be of any race. When borrower self identifies as more than one race, race category refers to first race specified. Predominantly non-Hispanic white neighborhoods defined as those that were less than 10% minority in 2000. Predominantly minority neighborhoods defined as those that were 80% or more minority in 2000. Mixed neighborhoods defined as those that were between 10% and 80% minority in 2000.

Source: Analysis of Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Homeownership Rate
Rankings
2000 2010
Metro Area 61.1% 61.2%

Definition: The share of occupied housing units that are owner-occupied.

Source: 2000 and 2010 Census Summary File 1

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010
Black 33.4% 32.1%
Indian 34.4% 38.8%
Asian/Pac. Islander 47.1% 52.4%
Hispanic 36.3% 40.2%
Non-Hispanic White 67.7% 69.4%

Definition: The share of occupied housing units that are owner-occupied.

Source: 2000 and 2010 Census Summary File 1

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Share of Renters Paying More than 30% of Income for Rent
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 36.9%

Definition: The share of renter occupied households that pay 30% or more of household income for gross rent.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Share of Renters Paying More than 30% of Income for Rent by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Black 47.7%
Indian 31.4%
Hispanic 37.3%
Asian/Pac. Islander 29.7%
Non-Hispanic White 33.4%

Definition: The share of renter occupied households that pay 30% or more of household income for gross rent.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

EDUCATION:
Composition of Public School Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
1999-2000 2000-2001 2007-2008 2010-2011
Hispanic 7.6% 8.1% 11.5% 13.2%
Non-Hispanic White 60.7% 60.0% 58.0% 56.3%
Non-Hispanic Black 27.7% 27.8% 25.9% 24.5%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 0.8% 0.7% 0.7% 0.6%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 3.3% 3.4% 3.9% 4.3%
Non-Hispanic Multi-Racial 1.1%

Definition: Racial/ethnic composition of public school enrollment.

Notes: Racial/ethnic shares of enrollment are based on total number of students for whom race/ethnicity was reported, which may not sum to total school enrollment reported separately.   Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas.   Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.  Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported.  Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI. 

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION:
Segregation of Public Primary School Students, Dissimilarity by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
1999-2000 2000-2001 2007-2008 2010-2011
Hispanic---Non-Hispanic White 70.1% 69.9% 68.7% 64.2%
Non-Hisp. Asian/Pac. Isl.---Non-Hispanic White 51.6% 51.2% 45.5% 46.2%
Non-Hisp. Black---Non-Hispanic White 79.0% 79.9% 81.2% 81.7%
Non-Hisp. Indian---Non-Hispanic White 49.8% 48.6% 52.4% 53.5%
Non-Hisp. Multi-Racial---Non-Hispanic White 44.3%

Definition: Dissimilarity is the evenness with which one racial population group is located (or segregated) within a metro area, with respect to another racial group. The dissimilarity statistic is interpreted as the proportion of one racial group that would need to relocate to another school in order for the racial composition of each school to mirror the racial composition of all students in the metro area as a whole. A value of 0% represents complete integration and a value of 100% represents complete segregation.

Notes: Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8.  Indices in metro areas with small numbers of specified racial/ethnic groups should be used with caution. Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas.  Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported.  Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI.  Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION:
Poverty Rate of School Where Average Primary School Student Attends by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
1999-2000 2000-2001 2007-2008 2010-2011
Hispanic 60.0% 57.6% 72.1% 70.8%
Non-Hispanic White 19.2% 18.8% 21.3% 26.1%
Non-Hispanic Black 67.1% 64.9% 78.5% 79.6%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 46.5% 43.5% 51.3% 55.9%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 46.1% 44.6% 41.7% 45.1%
Non-Hispanic Multi-Racial 28.2%

Definition: Poverty rate in the primary school attended by the average student of the specified race/ethnicity.

Notes: Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8.  Poverty rate defined as the share of children eligible for free or reduced lunch. Excludes metro areas in which 10 percent or more of students attend schools that do not report valid data on free and reduced lunch eligibility and those for which the computed student poverty rate differs dramatically from that which would be expected based on Census child poverty data.  Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported. Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas. Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI.  Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION:
Share of Adults With Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Gender (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Female 26.0%
Male 29.0%

Definition: Share of Adults Age 25+ With a Bachelor's Degree of Higher

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

EDUCATION:
Share of Adults With Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity and Gender (2000)
Rankings
Male Female
Black 10.0% 11.0%
American Indian 9.0% 14.0%
Asian/Pac. Islander 51.0% 41.0%
Hispanic 10.0% 11.0%
Non-Hispanic White 32.0% 28.0%

Definition: Share of Adults Age 25+ With a Bachelor's Degree of Higher

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

HEALTH:
Low Birthweight Births
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Metro Area 6.5% 6.6%

Definition: The share of births that are low birthweight.

Notes: Low birthweight defined as weighing less than 2.5kg. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Low Birthweight Births by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Hispanic 5.6% 5.7%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 6.9% 7.9%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 6.0% 6.2%
Non-Hispanic Black 11.7% 11.2%
Non-Hispanic White 4.4% 4.6%

Definition: The share of births that are low birthweight.

Notes: Low birthweight defined as weighing less than 2.5kg. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Preterm Births
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Metro Area 11.2% 11.0%

Definition: The share of births that were preterm.

Notes: Preterm defined as having a gestational age less than 37 weeks. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Preterm Births by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Hispanic 11.0% 11.1%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 12.3% 8.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 11.2% 9.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 16.6% 15.7%
Non-Hispanic White 8.8% 8.8%

Definition: The share of births that were preterm.

Notes: Preterm defined as having a gestational age less than 37 weeks. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Births to Teenage Mothers
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Metro Area 10.7% 10.7%

Definition: The share of all births that are to teenage mothers.

Notes: Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregrated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Births to Teenage Mothers by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Hispanic 14.9% 15.9%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 18.2% 23.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 8.0% 6.5%
Non-Hispanic Black 23.4% 22.5%
Non-Hispanic White 4.2% 3.9%

Definition: The share of all births that are to teenage mothers.

Notes: Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Segregation of the Population: Dissimilarity with Non-Hispanic Whites by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010
Non-Hispanic Black 83.3% 81.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 43.4% 40.7%
Hispanic 59.5% 57.0%
Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native 45.5% 41.8%

Definition: Dissimilarity is the evenness with which one racial population group is located (or segregated) within a metro area, with respect to another racial group. The dissimilarity statistic is interpreted as the proportion of one racial group that would need to relocate to another neighborhood (census tract) for that racial group to be distributed across the metro area like a second (reference) racial group. A value of "0%" reflects absolute integration; a value of "100%" reflects absolute segregation.

Notes: Racial groups refer to people who indicated they were of specified race "alone."  Excludes those specifying two or more races.  Indices in metro areas with small numbers of specified racial/ethnic groups should be used with caution.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1 and 2010 Redistricting File. Modeled on analysis in: "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 20.8%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 15.8%
Non-Hispanic Black 28.2%
Non-Hispanic White 6.1%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate for the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where 10% of the population is in poverty."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 9.8%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 7.8%
Non-Hispanic Black 14.8%
Non-Hispanic White 3.8%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate for the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Employment status is for civilians age 16+ years old. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty
Rankings
1999
Metro Area 12.5%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average child lives. For instance, if the value is 10%, this statistic is interpreted as "The average child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Children's Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 6.9%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate in the neighborhood where the average child lives. For instance, if the value is 10%, this statistic is interpreted as "The average child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Children defined as under 18. Unemployment rate based on workers age 16+. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 20.6%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 18.5%
Non-Hispanic Black 29.1%
Non-Hispanic White 4.8%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Children are defined as under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Children's Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 9.9%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 9.4%
Non-Hispanic Black 14.9%
Non-Hispanic White 3.4%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Children defined as under 18. Unemployment rate based on workers age 16+. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Poor Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Asian/Pacific Islander 30.3%
Black 34.3%
Hispanic 27.6%
Non-Hispanic White 10.9%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average poor child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for poor Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average poor Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Children are defined as under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Poor Children's Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Asian/Pacific Islander 13.8%
Black 16.9%
Hispanic 12.4%
Non-Hispanic White 5.6%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate in the neighborhood where the average poor child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for poor Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average poor Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Children defined as under 18. Unemployment rate based on workers age 16+. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database.

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Share of Total Number of Firms by Race/Ethnicity (2002)
Rankings
Metro Area
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 2.1%
Black 5.0%
Hispanic 1.8%

Definition: Share of business firms by race/ethnicity of firm owners

Notes: Business ownership is defined as having 51% or more of the stock or equity in the business. Businesses could be tabulated in more than 1 racial group. This can result because: a. the sole proprietor reported more than one race; b. the majority owner reported more than one race; c. a majority combination of owners reported more than one race. Racial/ethnic groups may not add to the total because a Hispanic or Latino firm may be of any race, and because a firm could be tabulated in more than one racial group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Poverty Rate
Rankings
1999
Metro Area 10.6%

Definition: Proportion of people below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 24.1%
Non-Hispanic White 4.7%
Black 32.5%
Indian 22.2%
Asian/Pac. Islander 15.2%

Definition: Proportion of people below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Child Poverty Rate
Rankings
1999
Metro Area 16.0%

Definition: Proportion of children under 18 below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Child Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Hispanic 28.2%
Non-Hispanic White 4.3%
Black 42.8%
Indian 28.7%
Asian/Pac. Islander 18.8%

Definition: Proportion of children under 18 below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Unemployment Rate by Gender (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Male 5.0%
Female 5.0%

Definition: Share of population age 16+ in the labor force who are unemployed

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity and Gender (2000)
Rankings
Male Female
Black 18.0% 15.0%
American Indian 12.0% 9.0%
Asian/Pac. Islander 5.0% 7.0%
Hispanic 10.0% 10.0%
Non-Hispanic White 4.0% 3.0%

Definition: Share of population age 16+ in the labor force who are unemployed

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

CRIME:
Murder Rate
Rankings
2009
Metro Area 5.2

Definition: Number of Murders and Nonnegligent Manslaughters Per 100,000 People

Notes: Crime rates are not available for all metro areas. The FBI cautions that, "Any comparisons of crime among different locales should take into consideration relevant factors in addition to the area's crime statistics." For more details, see: http://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2009/about/variables_affecting_crime.html

Source: 2009 FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Program